Wonder How You'll Do in College? Look at Your Genes

Families and schools have a substantial influence on whether or not young people go to college but no effect on how well students perform once they get there, according to the first study of genetic and environmental influences on higher education.

» Top New Products

Speak Jamaican
cs_image_0

Learn  to  speak  Jamaican  from  our  audio  lessons.                                                                                                         

$29.99
Running Technique Course
cs_image_1

James  Dunne  Has  Created  This  Excellent  Course  To  Improve  Running  Technique  And  Performance.                 

$49.99
Virtual boxer
cs_image_2

Highly  effective  boxing  training  program  that  will  turn  you  into  a  super  skilled  boxer,  fast.             

$47.00
Secret To Become A Magician Fast
cs_image_3

Discover  secret  on  how  to  become  a  magician  fast  without  any  previous  experience                                       

$190.00
Health PLR Articles
cs_image_4

A  Total  Of  889  Health  Plr  Articles  For  5  Hot  Health  Niche  Market  Categories.                                               

$27.00
Turn Wordpress Into An Online Store
cs_image_5

Market  is  the  premium  wordpress  e-commerce  theme  that  lets  you  setup  a  great  looking  online  store     

$49.00
The Truth About Real Estate PLR Article
cs_image_6

Helps  You  Get  Into  The  Center  Of  A  Profitable  Market  In  Real  Estate  Industry.                                             

$0.00
Hell Really Exists
cs_image_7

Download  powerful  hell,  satan  and  demons  ebook  now,  read  it  tonight,  and  then  put  it  to  work               

$17.00
Beer brewing made easy
cs_image_8

Create  an  unlimited  number  of  beer  types  by  modifying  the  ingredients    and    their  quantities               

$37.00
Home from container
cs_image_9

The  Most  Comprehensive  AndUp  To  Date  ConstructionGuide  Available.                                                                     

$47.00
Find Love with Feng Shui?
cs_image_10

Attract  the  love  of  your  life  today  with  these  7  simple,  golden  secrets                                                         

$24.97
How To Become A Perfect Manager
cs_image_11

Learn  How  To  Maximize  Your  Supervisory  Skills  To  Become  A  Perfect  Manager    and    A  Team  Leader             

$17.97

In an effort to disentangle the factors that determine college enrollment and performance, researchers at King’s College London studied 3,000 pairs of identical and nonidentical twins and 3,000 other people in the U.K. Results were published in the journal Scientific Reports.

Genetic factors account for 51 percent of differences between high school graduates in whether or not they go on to university. What the researchers call “shared environment” — mainly school and family background — accounts for 36 percent, while “non-shared environment,” reflecting individual circumstances, contributes the remaining 13 percent.

Achievement, measured by the student’s final degree class, is determined 46 percent by genetics and 53 percent by non-shared or individual environment.

Although the study did not look specifically at students’ socioeconomic background, the findings support the view that teenagers from poor and disadvantaged families are less likely than their more privileged counterparts to proceed to a college education for which their genes are well-suited. Researchers suggested that admissions policies should take more of these social factors into account.

“You would expect heritability — the genetic influence — to increase in a fairer and more equitable society,” says Emily Smith-Woolley, one member of the research team at King’s Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience.

An earlier study by King’s researchers showed that shared environment played a big role in secondary education, accounting for 40 percent of differences in whether students choose to take A levels.

Once someone gets to college, the contribution of “shared environment” declines to less than 1 percent. Achievement, measured by the student’s final degree class, is determined 46 percent by genetics and 53 percent by non-shared or individual environment.

“Unlike secondary school, where students tend to share educational experiences, university provides young people with greater opportunity to be independent and to carve out their interests based on their natural abilities and aptitudes,” says Ziada Ayorech, another King’s researcher.

“Students’ unique environments — such as new friends and new experiences — appear to be explaining differences in university achievement and the role of shared environment becomes less significant,” Ayorech says.

Apart from studying the overall contribution of genes to educational achievement, scientists are beginning to identify some of the thousands of specific DNA variations responsible. The latest — and still unpublished — research suggests that up to 15 percent of variance in achievement may be predictable through a “polygenic score” based on detailed DNA analysis, says Smith-Woolley. Science is still a long way, though, from producing a useful genetic test for guiding young people to the best educational options.

+

By Clive Cookson

OZY partners with the U.K.’s Financial Times to bring you premium analysis and features. © The Financial Times Limited 2018.

Let’s block ads! (Why?)

Post Author: martin

Avatar
Martin is an enthusiastic programmer, a webdeveloper and a young entrepreneur. He is intereted into computers for a long time. In the age of 10 he has programmed his first website and since then he has been working on web technologies until now. He is the Founder and Editor-in-Chief of BriefNews.eu and PCHealthBoost.info Online Magazines. His colleagues appreciate him as a passionate workhorse, a fan of new technologies, an eternal optimist and a dreamer, but especially the soul of the team for whom he can do anything in the world.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.