It’s a condition that causes joints to become painful and stiff, and can lead to swelling, tenderness or grating.
Osteoarthritis symptoms are caused by a wearing down of the joints’ protective cartilage.
It can make the joint become inflamed, swollen, and difficult to move.
But, a low-calorie diet that’s rich in vitamin K could help to reduce osteoarthritis symptoms, according to scientists.
A calorie-restricted diet, combined with strengthening, flexibility and aerobic exercise, is a great way to relieve joint pain in overweight patients, said researchers from the University of Surrey.
The healthier lifestyle will also lower cholesterol levels in the blood.
High blood cholesterol has been linked to osteoarthritis in the past.
Patients should also increase the vitamin K intake, the scientists revealed.
Spinach is a great source of vitamin K, which helps to maintain bone strength and repair any damage.
If you’re overweight or obese, losing weight would also relieve some of the osteoarthritis pain, they added.
“The importance of a good diet and regular exercise should never be underestimated,” said University of Surrey’s Professor of Nutritional Medicine, Margaret Rayman.
“Not only does it keep us fit and healthy, but as we have learned from this study, it can also lessen painful symptoms of osteoarthritis.
“We are what we eat, and it is important that we have the right amount of nutrients from our food to ensure that our body systems work as they should.”
Ali Mobasheri, Professor of Musculoskeletal Physiology, added: “A combination of good diet and regular exercise are necessary to keep joints healthy; you can’t have healthy joints with just one, you need both.
“Lifestyle should also be considered when attempting to reduce the pain of osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis in the world, with 18 per cent of women, and 10 per cent of men, over 60 years old being affected by the condition.
It’s estimated that by 2050, 130 million people will be diagnosed with osteoarthritis.
There’s currently no cure for the condition, but some treatments are available to reduce symptoms, the NHS said.
Joint pain could be eased by doing regular exercise and by wearing suitable footwear.
You should speak to a GP if you’re worried about the symptoms of osteoarthritis.